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What are the different types of paralysis?

Paralysis in Missouri can result from an injury severe enough to disrupt the neural pathway between your brain and another part of your body. When nerve signals are unable to travel between one or more body parts and your brain, paralysis occurs. It can be either partial or complete.

According to WebMD, generalized paralysis spreads over a wide area of your body, while localized paralysis remains confined to a particular area. Further categorization of paralysis can occur according to how much of the body it affects, as well as which specific areas.


Paraplegia affects the body from the waist down. This includes the legs, hips and genitals.


When either the left or right side of your body becomes paralyzed, hemiplegia occurs. The most common cause is a stroke, although a traumatic brain injury could also result in hemiplegia.


Also called tetraplegia, quadriplegia affects all four of your limbs, both your arms and legs. It may also include the involvement of certain organs.


Paralysis that affects only one of your limbs is known as monoplegia. Possible causes include epilepsy, cerebral palsy or physical trauma to the limb that results in nerve damage.


Diplegia affects both sides of your body in the same area. Examples include both sides of your face or both your arms. This type of paralysis is not very common.

Another way of categorizing paralysis is on the basis of how it affects your muscles. Some types of paralysis cause your muscles to sag and slowly waste away. Other types cause your muscles to become spastic, meaning that they can jerk around involuntarily and become stiff.

The information in this article is not intended as legal advice but provided for educational purposes only.